How to grow hyacinth indoors
Hyacinth flower is a perennial plant that produces bright and intensely fragrant flowers that bloom outdoors or also grown indoors. This plant species includes a small genus that includes several types of bulbous plants. The hyacinth species is also commonly known as the Dutch hyacinth or simply the garden hyacinth. The pure form of the plant has piercing bright purple flowers that emerge from a small, curved tuft of strap-like leaves, but there are also cultivars that produce pink, red, blue, yellow, coral, or white flowers.
When the plant is outdoors, its flowering time is early spring, and when it is indoors, it is forced to grow in season, it is especially necessary to cool the bulbs before planting.
Hyacinths contain some properties that are considered toxic. Toxins are most common in bulbs, but there are only a small amount of them in leaves and flowers.
Important. Eating hyacinth bulbs is potentially fatal. Some allergic people may experience skin irritation. Dogs and cats ingesting leaves and flowers may experience different symptoms and stomach upset.
It's scary to think, but there are cases when dogs die after eating a few hyacinth bulbs, but deaths among pets are rare.
Is hyacinth grown indoors?
Hyacinths are perennials and not particularly grown as houseplants, but they are easy to grow indoors.
It all depends on how you feel about its intense aroma.
After flowering, the plant's foliage is inconspicuous, and most gardeners treat hyacinths as seasonal annuals.
Many gardeners buy new bulbs every year, first cool them down and plant them in pots at the right time, blooming in the winter or early spring, and then discarding them when the flowers have faded.
The process of growing hyacinth bulbs indoors
If you want the plants to bloom correctly and at the desired time, then their bulbs must be cooled in a dark place for at least 13 weeks.
Refrigerate before or after planting them in pots.
The exact time of cooling and planting hyacinths is not easy to determine if you want the plant to bloom at a certain time.
For example, flowering will be in March if the bulbs are cooled in early November.
After cooling and planting, place the bulbs in a pot in a cool and dark place until their leaves reach a height of about 2 cm. After growth has been achieved, they can be moved to a window, but where there is no direct sunlight.
When you see clearing in shade, move them to full sunlight for the entire flowering period.
Humidity and Temperature Preferences
Hyacinths prefer cool temperatures, as they can be outdoors in early spring.
Long flowering time - keeping them in a cool place.
The soil should be kept moist during germination and rooting of the bulbs. Reduce watering at the start of flowering, especially if you plan to transplant bulbs outdoors.
Hyacinth bulbs already have flower buds inside for next year, and for this it makes no sense to fertilize them before planting. But if a small dose of top dressing, then the bulbs will help form an embryo for the next year, when flowering is over.
Do not overfeed hyacinths.
Care and pruning
If you have an attitude towards such plants as annuals, then you can throw them away when the flowers fade.
If you want to plant the bulb outdoors, then you need to put the pots in a cool and dark place and let the foliage dry out and die. When the soil begins to warm up, remove the bulbs and plant outdoors.
These bulbs will not bloom for the first season and outdoors, they need to go through another winter cooling period, and then you can expect the bulbs to bloom for at least three or two years.
Container and size
For hyacinths, an oval flower pot is also perfect, since even from 3 pieces will fit in it. bulbs. The plant will look beautiful in any pot, and especially when the bulb is planted more than one.
Drainage and potting soil
For plants, standard soil with good quality is suitable. Make sure the pot has drainage holes, but it is not necessary to put the pot in a pebble tray to allow drainage.
Bulb rot can be prevented if there are drainage holes in the pot.
Planting and transplanting bulbs
Fill the pot about halfway with soil and place each bulb pointy side up and root down. Add soil until the tips of the bulbs are exposed and the bulbs have not been completely buried, water thoroughly.
Flowering will appear after 3 weeks if the leaves begin to grow.